The book of jonah, written primarily in the third person, does not explicitly name. While jonah eventually did what he was asked to do, the book closes with showing jonah as a bitter man. Jonah therefore is the only prophet of the ot revealing the grace of god towards the heathen. The book of jonah has been attacked by the destructive critics.
In summary, i believe that there are three primary reasons to think the book of jonah is not historical. The didactic character of the book shines through in the repeated use of questions, 11 out of 14 being addressed to. The man jonah was the main character of the book, he was the son of amittai jonah 1. Jonah, book of webbible encyclopedia christiananswers. Jonah lived and ministered in israel during the 8th century bc, during the reign of king jeroboam ii 2 kings 14. The book of jonah intro to jonah biblica the international bible. The story of the prophet jonah is recorded in the book of jonah, which is part of the bible, and is read in the synagogue every year on the day of atonement. This book professes to give an account of what actually took place in the experience of the prophet.
The audience of the book of jonah was the people of israel and all future readers of the bible and, typically, prophets issued warnings or gave instructions to the people of israel. Through some supernatural events, god convinced him to obey and carry out the lords plan. Watch our overview video on the book of jonah, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. The prophetic significance of this book not only lies in the short message in nineveh but also in the entire history of jonah described in his book. The details in the book of jonah are not historical. Historical context critical to understanding the story of jonah the prophet and his dramatic mission to the assyrian capital of nineveh in the 6th. Date and historical situation for additional details.
Jonah is the fifth of the twelve prophets in the book of the twelve in hebrew scripture. In the christian tradition, the prophet jonah symbolizes resurrection from death after three days and nights in the fishs belly, which is also. The book of jonah is a book of the neviim prophets in the hebrew bible. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. The book of jonah is an old testament story which tells about how the prophet jonah refused to follow the lord. The story of jonah is not, however, history for historys sake. Furthermore, the bible, history, and archaeology all show that nineveh was, in fact, destroyed. The sensational and supernatural aura that surrounds the events of the book and captures the readers attention from start to finish is another distinctive characteristic of the book. You will also remember how god provided jonah with a living submarine to get him back where he belonged. This book is a great read and timely despite the fact it was written in 2008, almost 10 years before the rise of antifa the modern fascist group ironically calling themselves antifa which is short for antifascists, and is more about the history of early 20th century progressive fascism than about todays fascists movements. We sin against the spirit of the book jonah in trying to take it as real history. Normally, prophets hear a call from god and immediately obey. In the works of some recent catholic writers there is a leaning to regard the book as fiction. In the midst of the obscure prophecies before and after this book, wherein.
Due to jonah shirking his divine mission, god sends. Ancient nineveh background bible study bible history. T he book of jonah is an old testament story which tells about how the prophet jonah refused to follow the lord. A threepart series examining the book of jonah, its genre, and implications for evangelical apologists who view the story as history. Pfeiffer, states, it is fictiona short story with a moral like the book of ruthor the stories about danieljonah is a perfectly good short storywith a beginning, a. Each has a call from god and a response from jonah 1. The book of nachum speaks almost entirely of the sinful city of nineveh and its final destruction. Jonahs experiences form the main contents and purpose of the book. Intro to jonah biblica the international bible society.
An overview of the book of jonah leads one to determine two prominent sections, namely, jonahs abortive voyage to tarshish jon 12 and jonahs journey to nineveh. Based on the historical and linguistic issues, the book of jonah reflects four major themes. Written by the prophet jonah, son of amittai, around 785760 b. Now the word of the lord came unto jonah the sonch. The book of jonah is narrative history and a prophetic oracle. The book of the twelve prophets was originally on one. In other words, when you compare jonah to other ancient near eastern fictional stories, it still reads more like history than any other type of literature. Catholics have always looked upon the book of jonah as a factnarrative. This book of jonah, though it be placed here in the midst of the prophetical books of scripture, is yet rather a history than a prophecy. Jonah encounters pagans who are forced to consider the influence of his god 1. Jonah is portrayed as a recalcitrant prophet who flees from gods summons to prophesy against the wickedness of the city of nineveh. The supposed legendary character of some of the events e. Jonah with book summary versebyverse bible commentary.
The book of jonah is about an event that jesus said took place in history. Key personalities include jonah, the captain and the ships crew and the people of nineveh. The purpose of this book is to show that god is a merciful and gracious god. Book of jonah overview insight for living ministries. He is the central figure of the book of jonah, in which he is called upon by. The book of jonah demonstrates the sovereignty of the almighty as he employs his creation to accomplish the divine plan. The secret history of the american left, from mussolini to the politics of meaning. Historical background to jonah november 21, 2012 by jeremy myers 5 comments when studying scripture, it is critical to gain understanding of the historical background and cultural setting of the book or passage being studied. The book of jonah is followed by michah micah, which in turn is followed by nachum. Since jonah was a contemporary of amos, see introduction to amos.
Some critics have sought to interpret the book as a parable or allegory, and not as a history. The book of jonah preface those of you who are familiar with the story of jonah and the whale know that jonah hopped a ship heading in the opposite direction when god commanded him to go preach to the ninevites. Jonah was a disobedient prophet, who ran away rather than perform gods mission. The book is clearly didactic as the allegorical and parabolic interpretations rightly affirm. The book of jonah, containing the wellknown story of jonah in the stomach of a fish for three days, is a narrative about. The critics, though certain of almost all of their objections to the bible, have not all decided whether it is based on history, or is a nature myth. The book of jonah is a subversive story about a rebellious prophet who despises his god for loving his enemies.
The story of jonah and the whale the book of jonah. Apart from the hymn ascribed to jonah ii, 211 the contents of the book are prose. Jonah is forced into a confrontation with god because of his attitudes 1. He is punished and swallowed by a great fish, but repents and prays, and. Jonah or jonas, in the hebrew bible tanakhold testament, is a prophet of the northern kingdom of israel in about the 8th century bce.
The story has a long interpretive history and has become well known through popular childrens stories. Aside from the criticism of jonah being miraculous, some of the more prominent criticisms launched at the jonah story included. The secret history of the american left, from mussolini to the politics of meaning kindle edition by goldberg, jonah. Unlike other old testament prophetic books, jonah is not a collection of the prophets oracles but primarily a narrative about the man. There is a book in the bible that bears his name and he also appears in 2 kings as a prophet from. Events in assyrian history, such as the trend toward monotheism in the reign of adadnirari iii c. Jonah and the whale amazing bible timeline with world. Many have questioned whether the book of jonah is historical. Jonah was the son of amittai, and he is a prophet who lived in israel in the 8th century b. Jonah flees his mission chapters 1 2 jonahs commission and flight 1. The book of jonah is one of the key readings in judaism during yom kippur, the day of atonement, which occurs on the tenth day of tishri following rosh hashanah, generally in september or early october. Book of jonah, the fifth of 12 old testament books that bear the names of the minor prophets, embraced in a single book, the twelve, in the jewish canon. The book of jonah appears as one of twelve small books of scripture known as trei asar the twelve. But it displeased jonah exceedingly, and he wasselect another book.688 550 118 223 649 438 96 58 1372 856 302 1157 96 30 568 1627 174 1100 1002 1556 1021 665 1186 1030 418 374 1233 347 6 727 124 803 305 1172 829 204 18 1029 914 1430 555 837 846 1436 1161 882 1294 555 1082 1107